Week of January 15, 2017
After we solved the first mystery, we had to figure out where the message was telling us to travel. The map coordinates provided were 5 00 S, 140 00 E. We asked for your help to figure out the map coordinates. The majority of our blog readers chose Tonga. But we used the attached map (see the link below) and found Tonga at about 20 00 S, 185 00 E - so we didn't decide to go to Tonga. 5 00 S, 140 E is actually Papua New Guinea. So we booked the next flight heading towards Papua New Guinea.
Papua New Guinea is a fascinating country in Oceania. This country is a group of islands (like many other countries in Oceania), including the eastern side of the island of New Guinea. The other half of the island of New Guinea is part of Indonesia. We attached a map for you to take an up close look at Papua New Guinea. The overall size of this country is a bit larger than the state of California. We have learned a lot about Papua New Guinea from a lovely older man who rode our bus from the airport to the hotel. Most of the country has a tropical climate. In fact, they even experience monsoons! Monsoons are strong systems of wind. They influence the climate of a large area. They can even bring in heavy, HEAVY rains.
Papua New Guinea has only a small amount of arable land: .49%, about half of 1 percent. Do you remember what arable land means? It means that the land can be used to grow crops. Holy Idaho! If they have less than one percent of arable land, they mustn't grow many crops. Strangely, over 85% of the workforce works in agriculture! They may not be able to grow many crops, but what they do grow is very profitable. Some of the most profitable crops include coffee, cocoa, tea, sugar, sweet potatoes, vanilla, fruit, shellfish, vegetables, pork, and poultry. I wonder where these crops are exported. If a crop (or another product) is exported, that means that it is sent or transported to another country or area (for money).
This country is also rich in natural resources. Some of their natural resources include natural gas, gold, copper, timber, oil, silver, and fisheries. Many citizens of Papua New Guinea work in the industries of tourism, construction, the mining of copper, gold, and silver, petroleum refining, and various other industries.
There are many natural hazards in Papua New Guinea. The major hazard is caused by the country being located in the "ring of fire." The ring of fire is a circle that encompasses the Pacific Ocean. In that circle, many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur. Sometimes even tsunamis occur in the ring of fire. Geo read that there are over 500 active volcanoes in the world, and more than half of those volcanoes are located in the ring of fire. Holy Idaho! You won't believe this - but, there are even parts of Alaska that are in the ring of fire (remember we visited Alaska at the beginning of our adventure). We have attached a picture of the ring of fire - check it out. Okay, we have got to run. We are searching around the city for Veritas International. We have had no luck so far.
Text Message From Pandora: Hey, R U ever coming home? RUOK? Call me.
Text Message to Pandora: We R OK. In Papua New Guinea, will call U 2nite. BBFN.
Here is the link to the telephone keypad.
Map of Oceania
Can you find Papua New Guinea?
Ring of Fire
Check out this neat map of the "Ring of Fire." The little red triangles show where all of the volcanoes are located.
Map of Sydney
Can you look at the attached map and tell us which directions we will travel to go from our hotel to the Sydney Opera House? Our hotel is on the corner of Bridge Street and George Street.
arable - land that can be used to grow crops.
exported - when a crop (or another product) is sent or transported to another country (for money).
map coordinates - numbers that provide the exact location of a specified country or other area. The coordinates provide the degrees of longitude and latitude. Coordinates help people locate specific areas on a map.
monsoons - strong systems of wind, that usually bring in very heavy rains. They influence the climate of a large area.
natural resources - any substance that is made by nature and used to enhance the lives of living things. Some examples of natural resources include sunlight, minerals, soil, and water.
ring of fire - a circle that encompasses the Pacific Ocean. In that circle, many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur. There are over 450 volcanoes in the ring of fire. Sometimes even tsunamis occur in the ring of fire.
tropical climate - a climate typically having high temperatures and a decent amount of rainfall. Tropical climates are usually located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, closer to the equator than cooler, temperate climates.
tsunamis - an enormous ocean wave that is produced by a landslide, volcanic eruption, or a sub-marine earthquake.Back to top
Additional Web Resources:
Enchanted Learning - Ring of Fire
This resource offers information about the Ring of Fire. There are printable pages, "kid-friendly" information, pictures, and outline maps.
This website provides information about geothermal energy and the Ring of Fire. This is a great way to incorporate additional science instruction into your weekly Globetracker lesson.
Lonely Planet - Papua New Guinea
This website provides additional information about Papua New Guinea. It also features video clips of the country.
Grade 3-5: Knows the basic elements of maps and globes (title, legend, cardinal, scale, grid, meridians, time zones, etc.).
Grade 3-5: Uses map grids (e.g., latitude and longitude or alphanumeric system) to plot absolute location.
Grade 3-5: Knows major physical and human features of places as they are represented on maps and globes. Knows how to read different maps: road, relief, globe, etc..
Grade 3-5: Knows the approximate location of major continents, mountain ranges, and bodies of water on Earth.
Grade 6-8: Knows the location of physical and human features on maps and globes (e.g., culture hearths such as Mesopotamia, Huang Ho, the Yucatan Peninsula, the Nile Valley; major ocean currents; wind patterns; land forms; climate regions).
Grade 6-8: Knows the human characteristics of places (e.g., cultural characteristics such as religion, language, politics, technology, family structure, gender; population characteristics; land uses; levels of development).
Grade 6-8: Knows the physical characteristics of places (soil, vegetation, wildlife, etc..).
Grade 3-5: Knows the characteristics of a variety of regions (climate, housing, religion, language, etc..).
Grade 6-8: Understands criteria that give a region identity (such as Amsterdam as a transportation center or the Sunbelt's warm climate and popularity with retired people).
Grade 3-5: Knows the physical components of Earth's atmosphere (weather and climate), lithosphere (land forms such as mountains), hydrosphere (oceans, lakes and rivers), and biosphere (vegetation and biomes).
Grade 6-8: Knows the consequences of a specific physical process operating on Earth's surface (e.g., effects of an extreme weather phenomenon such as a hurricane's impact on a coastal ecosystem, effects of heavy rainfall on hill slopes, effects of the continued movement of Earth's tectonic plates).
Grade 3-5: Knows plants and animals associated with various vegetation and climatic region on Earth (i.e. kinds of plants and animals found in the rainforests of Africa).
Grade 3-5: Knows how communities benefit from the physical environment (e.g., people make their living by farming on fertile land, fishing in local water, working in mines; the community is a port located on a natural harbor, a tourist center located in a scenic or historic area, an industrial center with good access to natural resources).
Grade 3-5: Knows natural hazards that occur in the physical environment (floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, etc..).